Enlarged liver prefers to swelling of the liver beyond its normal size. The liver is the largest internal organ in the body and found in the upper right portion of your abdomen. The medical term for an enlarged liver is hepatomegaly. There is a lot of treatment option but first, you need to find out the source of the problem.
Possible cause of enlarging liver includes:
- A liver disease.
- A genetic disease.
- Congestive heart failure.
- An infection.
- Toxin poisoning.
- Digest fats.
- Store sugar in the form of glycogen.
- Fight off infections.
- produce proteins and hormones.
- Control blood clotting.
- Break down medications and toxins.
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The liver is also the only internal organ which regrows back after the surgery. This makes liver donation possible. If you donate your liver it will regrow to back to its original size.
Sign and symptoms of hepatomegaly?
Enlarge liver on its own don’t have any symptoms. If it’s severely swollen, though, you may have:
- muscle aches.
- abdominal pain or mass.
- poor appetite.
- swelling of the feet and legs.
- easy bruising.
- weight loss.
- increasing abdominal size.
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What is a Risk factor of Hepatomegaly?
- Excessive alcohol use – Drinking a large amount of alcohol can damage your liver.
- Herbal supplements – Certain supplements can increase your risk of liver damage. Such as black cohosh, ma huang, and valerian.
- Infections – viral, bacterial, parasitic or Infectious diseases can increase your risk of liver damage.
- Hepatitis viruses – Hepatitis A, B, C can cause liver damage.
- Poor eating habits – Being overweight can increase your risk of liver disease. also eating unhealthy foods, such as those with excess fat or sugar can increase your risk.
- Large doses of medicines – Taking larger than recommended doses of vitamins, supplements and prescription medicines can increase your risk of liver damage.
Lifestyle factor will also increase the risk of Hepatomegaly
- Blood transfusions, tattoos, and unprotected sex, which put you at risk for HIV and hepatitis B and C.
- Travelling to foreign countries associated with risks for malaria.
- Taking herbs like ma huang, comfrey, and mistletoe.
What are the treatments for hepatomegaly?
Your treatment will depend on the source of your cause of liver enlargement. Some of the treatment your doctor may recommend:
- For liver cancer – chemotherapy, surgery, or radiation.
- Hepatitis C – medications and treatments for liver failure or infections.
- For Liver damage – Liver transplant.
- Quitting alcohol or any others drugs
- lymphoma or leukaemia – the treatment depends upon the type, degree of spread, and your general health.
Once your doctor confirms Hepatomegaly, they will suggest lifestyle changes for healthy liver
- refraining from drinking alcohol.
- eating a healthy diet.
- regular exercise.
- weight loss.
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- Eat a healthy diet – Eat healthy food of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Limit contact with chemicals – Wear gloves, long sleeves, and a mask while entering the chemical base area.
- Use aerosol cleaners.
- Maintain a healthy weight – Eat a balanced diet and limit the food which is high in sugar and fat. If you are overweight ask your doctor the nutrition diet for you to lose weight.
- Quit smoking – Ask your doctor things to do to quit smoking.