Are you and your partner having a tough time for a baby? If yes, then you are not alone as infertility is common these days when women cannot conceive even after having unsafe sex for one year in most couples. Infertility might occur due to some issues from either you or your partner or the combination of factors that can avoid pregnancy. Luckily, there are many effective therapies that can improve the chances of conceiving successfully.
The main symptom of infertility is not being able to get pregnant. Sometimes, a woman who has infertility problems might have irregular menstrual periods. There are certain cases when a man with infertility may have certain signs of hormonal problems like change in the growth of hair or sexual function. Most couples will usually conceive either with or without the treatment.
When you should visit a doctor
Women need to talk to a private gynecologist at Gynae Clinic if they:
- are 35 years or more and are trying to conceive for the last six months or longer
- Are above 40
- Have painful periods
- Have known fertility problems
- Have irregular periods
- Have been diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis
- Have had several miscarriages
- Have performed treatment for cancer
Men should speak with a doctor if they have:
- low sperm count or other problems with sperm
- a history of prostate, sexual or testicular problems
- Small testicles or swelling in the scrotum
- Undergone treatment for cancer
- Others in your family with infertility problems
All of the steps during ovulation and fertilization need to happen correctly in order to get pregnant. Sometimes the issues that cause infertility in couples are present at birth, and sometimes they develop later in life.
The causes of infertility might affect one or both partners. This can happen
- In almost one-third of cases, when there is some problem with the man
- In nearly one-third of cases when there is an issue with the woman
- In the remaining cases when there are issues with both man and woman or there isn’t any cause
Causes of male infertility
These may include:
- Abnormal sperm function or production – This can happen due to genetic defects, undescended testicles, health complications like diabetes or infections such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, HIV, or mumps. Enlarged veins in the testes or varicocele may affect the quality of sperm.
- Problems with delivery of sperm – This might take place due to sexual problems like premature ejaculation, structural problems, such as a blockage in the testicle, genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis, or injury to your reproductive organs.
- Overexposure to some environmental factors – Some of them is pesticides, other chemicals and radiation. Smoking, alcohol, anabolic steroids, marijuana and taking medications for treating bacterial infections, high blood pressure and depression might affect fertility. Quick exposure to heat such as hot tubs or in saunas might increase your body temperature and affect sperm production.
- Damage with cancer and its treatment – This will include chemotherapy or radiation and the treatment for cancer may impair the production of sperm severely.
Causes of female infertility
These can include:
- Ovulation disorders – This can affect release of eggs from ovaries and include hormonal disorders like polycystic ovary syndrome. Hyperprolactinemia is a condition where you have lots of prolactin, a hormone that can stimulate the production of breast milk and interfere with ovulation. Either too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) or too little (hypothyroidism) can affect the menstrual cycle or cause infertility. Other underlying causes may include too much exercise, eating disorders, or tumors.
- Cervical or uterine abnormalities – These include abnormalities with cervix or polyps in the uterus. Noncancerous tumors present in the uterine wall can be the reason for infertility by blocking fallopian tubes or preventing fertilized eggs from implanting into the uterus.
- Fallopian tube blockage or damage – This usually takes place due to inflammation of the fallopian tube or salpingitis. It can occur from pelvic inflammatory disease which is caused due to a sexually transmitted infection, adhesions, or endometriosis.
- Endometriosis – This will happen when endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus by affecting the function of fallopian tubes, ovaries, and uterus.
- Primary ovarian insufficiency or early menopause – This usually happens when the ovaries do not work properly and menstruation ends before 40 years. Though the cause is not known, there are some factors related to early menopause including immune system diseases, certain genetic conditions like carriers of Fragile X syndrome or Turner syndrome, and chemotherapy or radiation treatment.
- Pelvic adhesions – These are some bands of scar tissue that can bind organs after appendicitis, pelvic infection, endometriosis, abdominal or pelvic surgery.
- Cancer and its treatment – Certain cancers that are associated with reproductive cancers usually impair female fertility. Both chemotherapy and radiation can affect fertility.
- Do not take tobacco, drug, and drink too much alcohol – These are some factors that can contribute to male infertility.
- Avoid high temperatures in hot baths and tubs – They can affect the production of sperm and motility temporarily.
- Prevent exposure to environmental or industrial toxins – These can affect the production of sperm.
- Restrict certain medications that can impact fertility – You need to consult with the doctor about any medications that you are taking daily. Make sure you do not stop taking any medications without seeking advice from the doctor.
- Exercise regularly – Doing regular exercise will improve the quality of sperm and increase the chances for your women to become pregnant.
- Quit the habit of smoking – Tobacco will have several negative effects on fertility, along with your general health and health of the fetus. If you are addicted to smoking and are planning to conceive, it is advised to quit right now.
- Avoid alcohol and drugs – These can impair your ability to conceive and enjoy a healthy pregnancy. It is advised not to drink alcohol or use recreational drugs like marijuana when trying to become pregnant.
- Restrict the intake of caffeine – Women who want to conceive pregnant should limit caffeine intake. You may seek advice of your doctor for proper guidance related to the use of caffeine.
- Exercise regularly – Doing your exercises regularly is important, but exercising often since your periods are infrequent can affect fertility.
Thus, you need to visit a well woman clinic in London and seek help from your doctor to know the reasons for your infertility. With the right treatment, you will surely be able to conceive a healthy baby and enjoy good relationship with your loving partner.