The hammer is made of a long wooden stick, attached to a block of metal. It is designed to deliver high force on a small area. Primarily, a hammer is used for hitting things on a hard surface like driving nails, breaking objects, and forging metal. The metal head of the hammer changes shape and form, based on which the tool can be categorized as a ball peen hammer or a claw hammer.
Ball Peen Hammer
The ball peen hammer has two ends on the head, one is round and the other is flat. High-carbon steel or alloy steel is used to manufacture the metal head, while the handle is mostly made of wood. The tool is essentially used to bend and shape metal and set rivets.
The ball peen hammer is one of the must-have tools in metalworking industry. It is used for manual metal fabrication, to set rivets and drive cold chisels. The ball peen hammer is meant for striking and shaping metal materials. It helps to bend, shape and soften metal. The ball-shaped rounded end of the hammer is effective in shaping metal without leaving hammer marks. It is used to give a desired shape and form to the metal being worked upon. Ball peen hammers are useful for doing manual jobs in the metal manufacturing industry.
This hammer is also used for hitting chisels and punches. It helps to manually set rivets into metal. They are also useful in shaping, flattening or removing dents in various metals.
The flat end of a ball peen hammer is mostly made of tempered steel or high carbon alloy. This ensures the head is strong enough to work with hard metals. The rounded part is often made of softer materials such as brass or even plastic. This is to minimize any potential damage to the metal surface while it is being shaped or softened.
The claw hammer is also a double-ended hammer head. Like the name suggests, the metal head features a pointed claw on one end and a flat end on the other. The flat end of the hammer is useful for tapping in nails and manipulating chisels. The pointed claw comes with a slight curve and can be used to pull out nails form any hard surface, or even to pull up wooden floorboards. Claw hammers are an absolute essential in a woodworking workshop. It is also called the carpenter’s hammer.
The large-sized hammers are known as framing hammers. The claw is more flat than pointed, which makes it easier to extract nails thanks to the added leverage. Due to the large size, these hammers require fewer strokes when being used to hammer in nails. The flat end is often checkered so that even when a nail is not hit straight on, the checkered grid will still catch the nail. This way, the hammer is less likely to slide off the head of the nail.
A small-sized claw hammer provides more agility. They are used for delicate carpentry jobs. For the average household repairs and DIY projects, a 16 oz hammer is a good enough size.