Cold sores are mainly small and a group of blisters which are painful and they mainly form in the mouth or the lip area. Thus can spread easily from one person to another as the virus is present in the saliva and the fluid fills up the blister.
Now, the virus spreads even more easily when the blisters get ruptured and drained. But it is not a very serious type of infection among the children and the adults. But when one gets infected once, the virus tends to stay in the body and may cause a new outbreak later. But cold sores during pregnancy is not that harmful as per medical studies.
Though this cannot be a very major problem for adults or children this can be a sort of issue in an infant or a newborn baby. In fact, if they remain untreated, then it can be deadly sometimes. A newborn baby does not have a high immunity power and so they cannot fight off the virus quickly. This can later spread to internal organs like liver, brain, lungs and kidneys. But this thing never happens with from cold sores. There are also some people who gets affected with genital herpes.
This mainly happens due to HSV 1 and it stays near the mouth. They are very contagious when the infection is active and the blisters start draining. But once the crust gets covered, then the chance of spreading becomes less. But if it happens post pregnancy, then one should stay away from kissing their newborn baby. If someone who is suffering from cold sores handles the baby, then there is a possibility that the infection might get transferred to the baby.
If one has an active cold sores, then it is a good idea not to touch the mouth and then the genital area because then the infection can get transferred to the genital area as well and can get infectious at the time of vaginal delivery.
Now, what are the symptoms of these HSV infections? Well, the primary ones are burning, itching and tingling and most of them happen when the blisters form. One can also suffer from nausea or have a headache. The other prevalent symptoms of cold sores are:
- Poor feeding
- Skin blisters
When the HSV infection remains untreated, then it can cause seizures and difficulty in breathing in a baby. But neonatal herpes is very rare among babies. Even if the mother is active with the infection then it can affect in the late pregnancy and there is a very feeble chance that the baby will catch it and come out with the infection. If the baby is diagnosed with neonatal herpes then there should be an immediate treatment with the anti viral drug that has to be injected in the hospital. This can prevent it from spreading.
So, when the question arises that, is it common to get cold sores during pregnancy then the answer is mostly yeas but it can be treated carefully.