To ensure healthy eyes and sound vision of your children, eye exam and relevant tests are important which are suggested by expert optometrists or ophthalmologists. A study performed by the National Institutes of Health revealed that approximately 35% pre-schoolers in the U.S. suffer from different vision anomalies namely near-sightedness(myopia), farsightedness(hyperopia) OR astigmatism which continue to progress throughout the critical school years and interferes with overall performance.
Do remember that brief eye exam of your child’s eye by a family doctor or the usual paediatrician isn’t a substitute to complete and comprehensive check-up executed in a proper facility under the supervision of expert ophthalmologist. Only an MD and OD have the latest tools, technology and advance training to evaluate your child’s vision and overall eye health.
Eye Exams Are Important Because…
Early eye exam help determine highly critical eye diseases such as retinopathy of prematurity amongst the new born whereas essential for school-going children to ensure;
- Precise and comfortable teaming of both eyes and their movement
- Excellent visual acuity at all the distances
- Proper and convenient focusing skills
The Right Time to Eye Examination
Experts at the American Optometric Association (AOA) agree that infants should undergo their first comprehensive eye exam in their sixth month after birth, then at the age of 3 and then once every year. Even if the child’s vision is accurate, complete examination should be performed after every two years whereas those who’re already prescribed with eyeglasses or contact lenses should’ve their eyes examined as suggested by the doctor.
Scheduling the Eye Exam
When scheduling eye exam of your children, pick a time when they’re active and happy to go along. Specifics such as how or the type of exams to be conducted depends on the child’s age or history of the eye anomaly (if there’s any). General examinations include taking medical history; determine the need of eyeglass, alignment testing, eye and vision evaluation, prescription of the eyewear and so on.
Advanced eye centres email case history forms and certain medical reports of eye exam directly to the patient’s respective email for the convenience of download and print. The case history includes birth details of the child (aka ‘perinatal history’) such as weight and whether the delivery has been normal or premature. Be sure to inform the doctor of any particular disease or symptom your child might’ve at the time of birth or before the appointment:
- Prematurity history which also consider issues like retinopathy of prematurity
- Delayed or abnormal motor development
- Frequent itch and rubbing of the eye
- Excessive blinking
- Failure in maintaining eye contact
- Incapability to maintain steady gaze at objects
Other eye related anomalies are worth mentioning at the time of vision or eye screening in eye exam. Such includes family history of strabismus, refractive errors, amblyopia or other eye diseases so on.
By sixth month, babies are able to see like adults in terms of colour vision, depth perception and focusing ability which helps them identify the immediate family members.
Remember that proper vision development and optimum eye health is crucial to overall performance and character building of your child.